Scientific name. Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. Subordinate taxa: Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. var. benadirianum (Chiov.) Verdc. Macrotyloma. Horse gram seeds (Indian name: Kulthi) Macrotyloma uniflorum, Organic Heirloom Untreated Seeds. For Growing Or Sprouting Horse Gram (Macrotyloma . Biflorus, horse gram, horse grain, kulthi bean, madras bean, madras gram, poor man’s pulse, dolic biflore, grain de cheval, kerdekorn, pferdebohne, pferdekorn.
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All plant parts clothed in short translucent hairs. Cotyledons without venationabout x mm, obovateheld erect and parallel to the stem. Ovary clothed in hairs. Adapted to a wide range of well-drained soils from uniflotum and gravels to clay loams and heavy clays. Technology partner Strand Life Sciences. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon.
Does not seem to adversely affect ruminants. Usually grown as a pulse for livestock and human consumption, mostly as an intercrop with annual grains e. M,Biodiversity Documentation for Kerala Part 6: Stipels about mm long. Natural History Natural History Cyclicity. Flowers yellow or greenish yellow, single or in short, sessile or subsessile, 2- to 4-flowered axillary racemes, calyx tomentose, standard oblong, 9— It is native to the old world tropics and indigenous to India.
Stipules hairy, triangular, about x 2 mm. Horse gram is a short day, twining, succulent, annual climbing herb which has trifoliate leaves, white coloured flowers, long linear pubescent pods with curved beak, flattened small seeds with light red, brown, grey, black or mottled testa with photo and thermo-sensitive nature.
Often not relished by cattle on first introduction, but then well eaten following a period of adjustment.
India Biodiversity Portal
Seed ovoid, 5—8 per pod, 4—6 —8 mm long, 3—5 mm broad, pale fawn, light red, brown, or black sometimes with faint mottles or with small, scattered black spots, or bothhilum central.
Horse gram seed contains carbohydrate However, unless allowed to seed, there is no chance of regeneration in the following year. Search in all groups Search within this group. Government of India, Directorate of Pulses Development. Other diseases include anthracnose Glomerella lindermuthianumrust Uromyces appendiculatumroot rot Pellicularia filamentosa and dry root rot Macrophomina phaseolina.
It is used to make popular dishes like ChanaChholeykulitan saaru, kulitan upkari, kulitan ghassi coconut curry preparationand idli -like preparation but not fermented called kulitan sannan. Superseded by the advent of various Stylosanthes spp. Leaflet blades about 2. Thus, it has remained an underutilized food legume. Sometimes sown with maize Zea maysso they mature together, the legume improving the quality of the maize residue.
Diptera, Agromyzidae sometimes attacks young seedlings Subject to attack by a wide range of viruses: Stamens 10, the filaments of nine stamens fused to form a tube open on one side, the filament of one stamen free.
Seeds per fruiteach seed about 3. Retrieved May 31, The pods are indehiscent and retain the seed. Stems clothed in white or pale backward-pointing hairs. Nomenclature and Classification Nomenclature and Classification. The horse gram is normally used to feed horses, though it is also commonly used in cooking.
In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. It is completely intolerant of frost, but usually seeds before the frosts and regenerates in the summer from seed. Initially considered a potential dry season supplement for low quality native pasture.
Fact sheet – Macrotyloma uniflorum
The primary center of origin and use of horse gram as a cultivated plant is in the plains and hills of low altitude extending southwards in the Western Ghats in South West India. It has high nutritional value equivalent to other commonly grown pulse crops in all aspects and also an excellent source of iron, molybdenum and calcium. Idukki, Palakkad, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram.
Like other legumes, these are deficient in methionine and tryptophanthough horse gram is an excellent source of iron and molybdenum.
However, it is sensitive to becoming waterlogged, and is completely intolerant of frost Jones, Comparatively, horse gram seeds have higher trypsin inhibitor and hemagglutinin activities and natural phenols than most bean seeds.
Document specific search options Title. Retrieved from ” https: The crude extracts of horse gram plant possess compounds with antimicrobial properties with a broad spectrum of activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria and fungi. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.