Cambridge Core – Nineteenth-Century Music – Berlioz’s Orchestration Treatise – edited by Hugh Macdonald. Berlioz’s orchestration treatise is a classic textbook which has been used as – Berlioz’s Orchestration Treatise: A Translation and Commentary -. revise the “Treatise on Instrumentation” by Hector. Berlioz . composition and orchestration with therich expressive On the other hand, even Berlioz’ orchestral.

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The lower pair of hands executes a fast rising arpeggio in triplets, which is answered in the second half of the bar by another, descending arpeggio in three parts played by a piccolo, a flute and a clarinet, above which there is a shimmering double trill in octaves from the upper pair of hands on the piano. Between the chorus treatiss harps and pianos alone.

In my Requiem I have used the bass drum forte without cymbals and played with two sticks. It was left to Weber to discover the terrifying quality of these low notes when used to sustain sinister harmonies. It is the voice of heroic love.

It is rather like a bull escaped from its stable and frolicking in a salon. Buy the selected items together This item: With an indefinite pitch and which only produce sounds with various characteristics.

Treatise on Instrumentation – Wikipedia

In the Adagio of one of my symphonies [the Symphonie Fantastique ], the cor anglais, after repeating an octave lower the phrases of the oboe, like the voice of a young man answering a girl in a pastoral dialogue, then repeats fragments from it at the end of the piece, to the muted accompaniment of four timpani, while the rest of the orchestra remains silent. Since we are now used to hear it playing in dance orchestras melodies that are more or less devoid of originality and distinction, and since its timbre has neither the nobility of the horn nor the pride of the trumpet, it is rather difficult to introduce the cornet to the elevated melodic style.

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Virtuoso players often use them in cadenzas and in their fantasias, variations and concertos. The notes, chords and arpeggios that they project across the orchestra and the chorus have exceptional splendour.

There were those who insisted that most of the time the melody should only be accompanied by a bass, and that the listener should have the satisfaction of supplying himself the notes missing from the chords.


The editing by Richard Strauss does nothing but enhance the work, adding his comments on the more modern versions of the instruments etc.

But when eight, ten, twelve or more drums play rhythmic accompaniments or crescendo rolls in a military march, they can provide magnificent and powerful support for wind instruments. It should be noted that in this example and in many other passages Beethoven has given to the basses low notes which they cannot play, and this suggests treaties the orchestra for which he wrote included double basses which could reach down to C an octave below the low C of the cellos, which are no longer found today.

BeethovenGluckWeber and Spontini have thus used the piccolo in a manner which is at once imaginative, original and sound.

Spontini was the first to use it in his triumphal march in La Vestale and a little later in a few pieces in Fernand Cortezwhere it was well motivated. Alexa Orchestratiln Analytics for the Web. It has been M. There is incidentally no need, as there is for wind instruments, to calculate the duration of a held note, or to provide them with pauses from time to time.

From a poetical point of view, this art is as little susceptible of being taught as that of inventing beautiful melodies, fine successions of chords or rhythmic forms that have originality and power.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. On the contrary, that is the pointin everything and everywhere. This beautiful instrumental soprano voice, so sonorous and rich in penetrating inflexions when used in large numbers, gains when played solo in delicacy, elusive nuances, and mysterious sympathy what it loses in power and brightness.

If the viola part cannot be written in a distinctive way it is better to use it to add volume to the sound of the cellos by having both parts written in unison and not an octave apart as far as the lower range of the instrument permits. The true reason is that it had not occurred to them to make use of this special timbre. Set up a giveaway.

Musical and Literary Works. Three trombones poorly used will seem noisy and unbearable, while a moment later, in the same hall, twelve trombones will astonish the public through their noble treeatise powerful harmony.

See all 16 reviews. There is nothing more vulgar, I would even say more monstrous and less designed to blend with the rest of the orchestra than those more or less fast passages written as solos for the middle range of the ophicleide in some modern operas. Examples of this are the solo in the scherzo of the Pastoral symphony [ example: Clearly all was lost. One person found this helpful. Many composers studied the work closely, such as MussorgskyMahlerR. Explore the Home Gift Guide. It is just a matter of knowing how to let them speak.


From some points of view the former are, generally speaking, inferior to the latter. It can therefore be used to good effect in many circumstances. This has serious disadvantages. But this doubling in the lower part is too weak and out of proportion to the upper part, and the result is a superfluous buzzing sound, which tends orchesrtation obscure rather than enhance the vibration of the higher notes on the violins.

Excellent results can be achieved with the opposite system. In some cases they would soften their brilliance, in others they would give warmth to the impetus of the music, by means of the tremolo which can lend a musical quality even to drum rolls by blending with them.

Here is a delightful example of the use of pizzicato in the second violins, violas and basses, while the first violins play arco.

This can be seen in the solo in the minor in the recapitulation of the 1st movement of the symphony in A [ example: The violas, cellos, and double-basses separately, then all together. Cymbals are often used in trestise with the bass drum, but as I have just said about the latter instrument, they can be used separately to excellent effect in many circumstances.

This can sometimes produce excellent orchestrtaion, even with stopped notes. This book is comprehensive but indeed quite old. When the cellos are playing a melody, it can sometimes be very effective to double them in unison with violas.

There are several orchestratin for the unjust bondage of this noble instrument. When he wants the sound to reverberate, he should write long sustained notes with the indication: Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. Mutes are normally used in slow pieces, but they are no less effective for quick and light figuration when the subject of the music calls for it, or for accompaniments in an urgent rhythm.