Aeschines: Against Timarchus [ BCE]. Aeschine’s speech Against Timarchus of BCE is one of the most valuable sources we have about Athenian. Access. Via Perseus Philologic. Aeschines. Against Timarchus. Perseus under Philologic. University of Chicago. 7 October (). In Against Timarchus, Aeschines introduces the argument of sections. 72 to 93 with an unusual exclamation. He claims that his oppo- nents will ask why he is not.
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Now if anyone does not understand the facts of the case, I will try to explain them more clearly. But when in Tijarchus of Macedon timrachus destroyed Olynthus and seized the whole Chalcidic peninsula, Aeschines took an active part in arousing Athens to meet the danger which was threatening her interests. Many modern students can and do argue persuasively for the benefits that came to Greece through the extension of the power of Macedon and her world conquest ; perhaps Aeschines believed in them, but he could not say so in the Athenian assembly or before an Athenian jury.
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That I may demonstrate to you what sort of man this kind of life produces — how regardless of the gods, how contemptuous of the laws, how in- different to all disgrace. Possibly no attempt at defence was made. More search options Limit Search to: The one disaster against which any public man in Athens should have been on his guard at just that time was any disturbance among the Greek states that could give Philip a pretext for intervention.
Editors divide them into three some into four groups, and differ in opinion as to the superior value of againsy or another group. In what excesses of bestiality are we not to imagine them to have indulged when they were drunken and alone!
Now to recount all the rascalities of which he was guilty in that year would be too large an undertaking for the small fraction timarchua a day; but those which are most germane to the charge that underlies the present trial, I will relate in a few words. Or who that has happened to encounter their revels and brawls has not been indignant in behalf of the city?
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But it is not only his patrimony that he has wasted, but also the common possessions of the state, your possessions, so far as they have ever come under his control. So long as Arizelus lived, he managed the whole estate, because of the ill-health of Arignotus and the trouble with his eyes, and because Eupolemus was dead.
But if Misgolas does indeed answer the summons, but resorts to the most shameless course, denial ot 1 That is, Misgolas can testify to the truth of the timarchks davit without thereby testifying to any criminal act of his own.
For what foot-pad or adulterer or assassin, or what man who has committed the greatest crimes, but has done it secretly, will be brought to justice? Now, therefore, you are judges of my words, and soon I shall be spectator of your acts, for the decision of the case is now left to your judgment. And this wretch was not ashamed to abandon his father’s house and live with Misgolas, a man who was not a friend of his father’s, nor a pei-son of his own age, but a stranger, and older than himself, a man who knew no restraint in such matters, while Timarchus him- self was in the bloom of youth.
Such slaves could do business for themselves, or hire themselves out to manufacturers, contractors, etc. But when I saw that the city was being seriously injured by the defendant, Timarchus, who, though disqualified by law, was speaking in your assemblies, and when I myself was made a victim of his blackmailing attack–the nature of the attack I will show in the course of my speech–  I timarchuz that it would be a most shameful thing if I failed to come to the defence of the whole city and its laws, and to your defence and my own; and knowing that he was liable to the accusations that you heard read a tijarchus ago by the clerk of the court, I instituted this suit, challenging him to official scrutiny.
Sex, Politics, and Disgust in Aeschines’ Against Timarchus
It is because you enact the laws with no other object than justice, not moved by un- righteous gain, or by either partiality or animosity, looking solely to what is just and for the common good. It was notorious that Timarchus had in his earlier life been a spendthrift and a libertine. For it was not for the slaves that the lawgiver was concerned, but he wished to accustom you to keep a long distance away from the crime of outraging free men, and so he added the prohibition against the outraging even of slaves.
Imagine that you see him when he gets home from the court-room, putting on airs in his lectures to his young men, and telling how successfully he stole the case away from the jury. To prove the truth of what I say, call,if you please, Arignotus of Sphettus, and read his affidavit.
For he says that if certain men by slandering this beauty of afainst shall cause beauty to aggainst a misfortune to those abainst possess it, then in your public verdict you will contradict your personal prayers. Nay, the doom Appointed me at birth has yawned for me.
Aeschines’ prowess as a speechwriter is thus highlighted. He says that before now he has been made judge of many cases, as you to-day are jurors ; and he says that he makes his decisions, not from what the witnesses say, but from the habits and associations of the accused ; he looks at this, how the man who is on trial conducts his daily life, and in what manner he administers his own house, believ- ing that in like manner he will administer the affairs of the state also ; and he looks to see with whom he likes to associate.
For in the case of facts which are not generally known, the accuser is bound, I suppose, to make his proofs explicit ; but where the facts are notorious, I think it is no very difficult matter to conduct the prosecution, for one has only to appeal to the recollection of his hearers. And so decorous were those public men of old, Pericles, whose person was inviolate even in time of war, were often sent to carry messages from one state to another.
Blass brackets, after Sclieibe. I have never, fellow citizens, brought indictment against any Athenian, nor vexed any man when he was rendering account of his office 1 ; but in all such matters I have, as I believe, shown myself a quiet and modest man. So, wishing to accustom those who are the wisest to speak on public affairs, and to make this obligatory upon them, since he cannot call on each one of them by name, he comprehends them all under the designation of the age-group as a whole, invites them to the platform, and urges them to address the people.
Of these men I call no one into court to testify publicly to his own misfortune, which he has chosen to cover in silence, but I leave it to you to investigate this matter. But that you may hear the sentiments of the poet in verse also, the clerk shall read to you the verses on this theme which Homer composed. But if any one, in violation of these prohibitions, not only speaks, but is guilty of blackmail and wanton scurrility, and if the city is no longer able to put up with such a man, ” Let any citizen who chooses,” he says, “and is competent thereto, 1 challenge him to a suit of scrutiny;” and 1 That is, any man who is not debarred, by crimes of his own, from the ordinary privileges of the courts.
Straightway let me die, For when my friend was slain, my dearest friend, It was not granted me to succor him. He was in the court-room, and Demosthenes, speaking to a jury some of whom, at least, were likely to know something of the family, and speaking subject to contradiction by Aeschines, whose plea was to follow his, makes no serious charge against Aeschines’ family.
No, he has nothing left, not a house, not an apartment, not a piece of ground, no slaves, no money at interest, nor anything else from which honest men get a living.
As a counter attack, intended to delay the impending trial, to prejudice the case of the prosecution, and to rid himself of one of his prosecutors, Aeschines brought indictment against Timarchus, declaring that in his earlier life he had been addicted to personal vices which by law should for ever exclude him from the platform of the Athenian assembly.